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Adult Use Of Marijuana Act (AUMA): What Patients Need To Know

Adult Use Of Marijuana Act (AUMA): What Patients Need To Know

Berkeley Patients Group (BPG) put together this breakdown of Prop. 64 to address questions and concerns from patients, friends and family about the Adult Use of Marijuana Act. Here at Potbox, we think this is one of the most articulate and informed write-ups we’ve seen on AUMA, so we’re sharing it with you today with their permission.

Why should we legalize now?

Today, we have a broken system that profits drug cartels, threatens the safety of children, harms our environment, and uses law enforcement resources on small, victimless crimes that disproportionally affect minorities.

As with all legislation, Prop. 64 is a work-in-progress and will need to be improved upon as we navigate and learn from this new regulation together. Prop. 215 is STILL being improved upon today, 20 years later.

While it may not be perfect, AUMA creates a safe, legal and regulated system that ends the failed war on marijuana. This initiative protects our patients, children, consumers, small business owners, workers and environment.

BPG along with Potbox supports Prop. 64 because it:

1. Advances social and criminal justice reform

criminal-justice-social-reform

Existing criminal penalties for marijuana offenses have been disproportionately enforced against people of color. AUMA eliminates or substantially reduces these penalties. Many existing misdemeanors and felonies will disappear from the books.

Reduces criminal justice penalties and makes them retroactive
✓ Past convictions for crimes reduced or eliminated by AUMA may be expunged from or reduced on a criminal record

Prevents youth in California from carrying a criminal record into adulthood
✓ All marijuana penalties will be charged as infractions, with no possibility of jail time

Funding for communities most impacted by the war on drugs
✓ The Community Reinvestment Fund will give $50 million annually to support economic development, job placement, and legal services in these communities

Allows persons harmed by drug war to enter the legal market
✓ A prior conviction for possession, possession for sale, sale, manufacturing, transportation, or cultivation of any controlled substance shall not be the sole basis for the denial of a license

2. Protects medical patients and home grows for all

medical-patients

AUMA builds on existing laws such as Prop. 215, to strengthen, not limit, medical marijuana protections. The biggest difference is that this measure will tax adult-use marijuana sales.

Medical patients are not required to pay sales tax

Secures right to home grow for all adults
✓ AUMA specifically prevents cities and counties from banning the cultivation of marijuana inside a home or within any enclosed structure
✓ Adults will be allowed to grow up to 6 plants

Protects parental rights and increases patient privacy
✓ The lawful conduct of a medical patient cannot, by itself, be used to restrict custodial or parental rights
✓ Requires cities and counties to identify patients using unique identifiers instead of names
✓ All patient databases are subject to the privacy protections of the Confidentiality of Medical Information Act (the state equivalent of federal HIPAA laws)

Revenues will fund necessary research on marijuana
✓ $10 million to public universities in California for research on legalization
✓ $2 million to UCSD Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research

3. Protects California’s small businesses, farmers and workers

small-business-owners

Many small business owners are worried that Prop 64 will pave the way for “Big Marijuana” (similar to “Big Pharma”)–large corporations that gain a monopoly over the non-medical marijuana market. There are numerous protections against this:

Microbusiness licenses available
✓ Allows small businesses cultivating marijuana (in less than 10,000 sq. ft.) to provide services from seed to sale

Large cultivation licenses (over 22,000 sq. ft.) will not be issued for the first 5 years
✓ Allows small growers the opportunity to establish themselves in the legal market first

Licensees are prohibited from engaging in anti-competitive behavior
✓ Large cultivators are prohibited from vertically integrating
✓ Violators will be liable for monetary penalties

Specific legislation against monopolies
✓ State regulators will have the power to deny a license or license renewal to prevent the “creation or maintenance of unlawful monopoly power”

Protects workers
✓ A licensee may be disciplined—and risk losing their license—if the licensee violates any law that protects the health, safety or rights of workers
✓ Supports labor union organizing

4. Protects California’s environment and natural resources

california-environment

Illegal marijuana grows have had harmful impacts on ecosystems for years. The Bureau of Marijuana Control and the Departments of Food & Agriculture, Fish & Wildlife, and Pesticide Regulation will set statewide regulations to repair and preserve our environment.

Dedicated revenue (20%) to Environmental Restoration and Protection Account
✓ Environmental regulation, enforcement and restoration to rectify decades of environmental harm caused by illegal marijuana grows

State agencies must consider environmental impact before issuing licenses
✓ Businesses must comply with water quality and flow, natural resource protection, application of pesticides, land conversion, and riparian habitat protection

5. Protects the public health of all Californians

public-health-safety

Prop 64 imposes the strictest-ever regulations governing labeling, packaging and testing of non-medical marijuana products, to protect both children and consumers.

Restrictions on marketing to youth
✓ Prohibits marijuana businesses, marketing, and advertising near schools and youth centers

Strict labeling, packaging and testing requirements
✓ Packaging: Must be re-sealable and child-resistant. Cannot be attractive to young children
✓ Labeling: As detailed as any food product, including safe “portion” sizes and a warning if nuts of other known allergens are used
✓ Testing: All marijuana will be independently tested to comply with state standards for consumer safety prior to being sold

6. The time to end prohibition is NOW

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We simply cannot wait any longer for perfection. Too many individuals, families, and communities are still being torn apart by the failed war on marijuana.

Vote YES on 64, California!

For more information, please visit www.Yeson64.org.

This post originally appeared on BPG’s blog and was syndicated with permission.

Farmers Have ‘Growing’ Concerns With AUMA

Farmers Have ‘Growing’ Concerns With AUMA

As a small batch cannabis farmer, I have read over the text of California’s Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA), and come to the conclusion that, while not by any means a perfect statue, it represents the best path forward for cannabis cultivators, the cannabis industry at large and the general public. Given that the default alternative is to continue the failed ‘War on Drugs,’ AUMA moves the cause of legalization to an unprecedented level of awareness, and provides a deep framework from which California can further hone its public policies on the use of cannabis.

With the impending passage of AUMA, many are concerned with the looming threat of Big Cannabis — i.e., major pharmaceutical or tobacco companies muscling in to grab the lion’s share of this multi-billion dollar industry. The concerns run the gamut of what will this do to pricing and strain variety, to what impact will this have on the environment, or the independent cannabis farms that helped grow this industry (pun intended).

A century of prohibition at both the state and federal level gave birth to California’s long and proud history of small- to medium-sized cannabis farms. Three important characteristics emerged from this prohibition that have had a deep impact on California’s cannabis industry:

  1. It kept farm sizes small, which minimized their impact on the environment (and also kept them hidden from the law).
  2. Smaller harvests allowed growers to perfect organic cultivation methods and focus on quality vs. quantity. Similar to wine-making, small-batch, artisanal cannabis became an art form, and elevated cannabis from a dirty street-corner drug to a more mainstream, sophisticated lifestyle choice.
  3. As growers sought to perfect their strains and leave their mark on the cannabis culture, they created a glorious biodiversity of strains in one of the largest, most robust — and completely unsanctioned — distributed research projects known to man.

Would AUMA wipe all of that away? Will AUMA bring “Monsanto weed”? Fortunately, no. AUMA has a number of provisions that prevent larger corporate entities from muscling out the existing players.

One of the most important provisions is crop size!

Under AUMA, the largest allowable crop size would be one acre of canopy — or roughly 150 to 300 plants. Estimating an average yield of of 2-4 lbs per plant, the maximum amount of cannabis that could be legally grown on that acre ranges from 300 lbs to 1,200 lbs of dried flowers.

Using current wholesale prices of $1,400 per lb., that means the maximum amount of revenue generated by that acre would be approximately $420,000 to $1,680,000 — hardly the stuff of mega corporate greed. And when you consider that a huge chunk of those dollars will earmarked for wages, benefits and supplies, and another giant chunk will be given to local, state, and federal governments in the form of licensing fees and taxes, there doesn’t seem to be much financial incentive for Big Cannabis.

Of course this begs the question: “What about large corporations just buying up many smaller farms?” Here again, AUMA, which was written with the input of many actors from all levels of the state’s cannabis community, works to prevent this from happening by restricting the number of licenses one person or corporate entity can hold.

Though AUMA does need some cleaning up, it is sure to be transformed through the process of its implementation. By providing clear limits on farm size and corporate structure of potential ownership, AUMA steers the California cannabis industry in the right direction, providing protections for smaller farms like my own. It also preserves the culture that we growers have worked so hard to create, while protecting the environment and preventing premium artisanal cannabis from becoming another commodity product.

On the down-side, AUMA imposes new hardships on cannabis farmers that we never had previously — in the form of high taxes — which may cause some fair-weather farmers to oppose AUMA in November. This would be a mistake, in my opinion, as the cost for not enacting AUMA now will be much higher in the long run. At the end of the day, I see the new fees as just another cost of doing business, and I am pleased that the new regulations will prevent plummeting prices due to massive cannabis conglomerates flooding the wholesale market with cheap flowers.

If you enjoy premium, artisanal cannabis grown in small batches and don’t want to see Big Cannabis swoop in and turn it into another commodity product, then please join us in voting ‘Yea’ for AUMA in November. And if you don’t partake in cannabis, please consider voting for AUMA anyway, as the legislation will have tremendous fiscal benefits for all Californians.

If you’d like to learn more about AUMA, an organization called Yes On 64! has put together a website with more information.

Let’s do this, California!

California, Rejoice! AUMA Is Getting A Vote!

California, Rejoice! AUMA Is Getting A Vote!

In case you had not heard, California Secretary of State Alex Padilla today confirmed that he had received enough signatures from Californians to put the proposed Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA) – f.k.a. the so-called Sean Parker Bill – on the general ballot this November! If approved, California would be come the fifth state to legalize recreational cannabis – and by far the largest.

Obviously this is great news for the cannabis industry, as it would legitimize businesses such as Potbox, and provide protection from mega-corporations sweeping in and taking over. It also provides provisions for protecting the environment form the effects of illegal cannabis cultivation (e.g., people who hide marijuana fields in our national parks, or illegally pump water from our shrinking rivers and streams). It’s also a giant step in the right direction towards national legalization.

It’s also great news for the government, who could realize a cost savings of up to $100 million annually in reduced taxpayer costs, and could raise an additional estimated $1 billion in new tax revenues annually. These funds would be earmarked to improve local communities, schools and infrastructure projects, fund drug abuse education programs and support related law enforcement training and operations.

For consumers, it would remove the stigma associated with cannabis, enabling you to enjoy cannabis in public similar to the way you enjoy alcohol or tobacco – responsibly and respectfully. If it passes, consumers won’t live in fear of incarceration for enjoying the flowers from a plant. Those 21+ would be allowed to purchase and possess up to an ounce of cannabis or edibles, and plant a small amount of cannabis for personal use.

It’s almost difficult to believe, but it’s true…

Of course, there is a flip-side to every coin. AUMA is not 100% perfect – there are several shortcomings and oversights to AUMA that are detrimental to the cannabis industry and restrict our right to consume cannabis. We at Potbox have several concerns that we will push to get addressed. For instance, the current AUMA framework:

  • Allows local governments to ban the cultivation and sale of medical cannabis – such as the cannabis you find in Potbox — which is used by millions of people to alleviate a broad range of ailments
  • Imposes a questionably high, 15% + tax increase on medical cannabis. We understand taxing recreational cannabis at such a rate, but taxing medicinal cannabis so severely could impact the availability of the medicine to those who need it most
  • Provides no oversight for cannabis tax revenue, which could be easily reallocated to other programs. California is not well known for its fiscal responsibility…
  • Makes it illegal to consume cannabis in any public place except for specifically licensed premises
  • Bans vaporization in non-smoking areas, when neither smoke nor cannabinoids are emitted

Hopefully, we’ll be able to work out these issues if and when AUMA becomes a law. California is the largest cannabis economy in the world — larger than Colorado, Washington, and Oregon combined. Other U.S. states will be looking to us as a model for their own legalization efforts, which means that we have to get AUMA right the first time – or as close to perfect as possible – in order to have the desired positive impact of influencing future legalization and legislation.

Let’s do this, California!

Putting Patients In Control

Putting Patients In Control

Quick question: Is your physician’s referral up to date? When was the last time you checked?

Getting your annual medical recommendation from your doctor and keeping it up-to-date can be annoying and time-consuming — not to mention expensive, inconvenient and uncomfortable for many people. But being denied access to your medicine because your referral expired is even worse.

We’re medical cannabis users, too, so we know how much you hate visiting marijuana clinics, with their dirty, crowded waiting rooms; impersonal, drive-by physician consultations; and a customer experience that makes the DMV seem like an amusement park. And if you’re exploring whether medical cannabis is right for you, visiting a revolving-door clinic is perhaps the least ideal way to begin a relationship with your “doctor” or your medicine.

That’s why Potbox recently teamed up with HelloMD, a leading provider of tele-health, to enable our customers to obtain or renew their medical cannabis physician’s recommendation right from the comfort, convenience and privacy of their own home.

After registering and paying the fee — which is two- to three-times less expensive than a visit to a clinic — you will be connected via video chat with a certified, California-licensed doctor. In a matter of minutes, the doctor can evaluate your medicinal needs and issue your prescription via email. You will also be mailed a physical copy of your card within a few days time. The service will also remind you when your annual referral needs to be renewed.

That’s it. No hassle.

Thanks to our relationship with HelloMD, your medical recommendation will be encrypted and instantly sent to Potbox, so you can start ordering medical cannabis right away. Simply choose between indica, sativa, and hybrid, then sit back & relax. Your hand-crafted boxes will soon arrive filled with premium cannabis flowers and pre-rolled joints grown only with organic ingredients.

This is really a game-changer for medical cannabis users. Finally we can get our physician’s referrals when it’s convenient for us, from the privacy of our home. To obtain or renew your medical evaluation using Potbox + HelloMD, just head over to https://potbox.md to get started.

The Green Mile

The Green Mile

Finally, the last variable that plagues the reliability of the cannabis you consume is the vastly disparate ways in which the cannabis is cultivated, processed and delivered.

When you fill a prescription at a pharmacy, from New York to L.A. you can expect a similar experience – an orange or white container, a white child-proof cap and the prescription stapled to the bag. With cannabis the situation is completely opposite: your medicine can be grown, processed and transported in any number of ways, using a wide variety of materials, methods and processes – all of which impacts the efficacy of your medicine.

Quite often in the process, the cannabis can be subjected to many indignities, including but not limited to being dropped on the dirt, sneezed upon, left out in the hot sun or handled without gloves. Once it makes it into the dry room, the flowers can (and frequently are) either over- or under-dried, potentially exposed to toxic fumes from generators or old air conditioners, covered by dust from filthy fans and mold from dehumidifiers. Cannabis that is under-dried can mold in the bag, or have a musty unpleasant odor. Cannabis that is over-dried or dried too rapidly will end up crumbling into dust after a few weeks of exposure to air and light. Perfectly dried and cured cannabis will retain its moistness, smell and taste for up to eight months after they are stored.

Cannabis curators do much more than navigate the complex choices of strains, they value-add by connecting you in a direct linage to the farms themselves. Your expert curator visits the farms to choose those which follow best practices, they inspect the methods, facilities and keep tabs on the process as the flowers make their way through the closed-loop ecosystem from the farm to your home.

Still feel like you don’t need a cannabis expert to curate your marijuana? It’s quite possible that you could go through your entire life without involving an expert in your cannabis buy and not have any issues. But knowing what you know now, wouldn’t having an expert choose your cannabis give you greater peace of mind?

The Fault In Our Seeds

The Fault In Our Seeds

Another giant challenge to the accurate tracking of medical marijuana strains comes from growing plants from seeds. Growing from seeds results in plants that, while similar, are genetically different in the same way that a group of human siblings will share some traits but not others.

Most cannabis plants are grown by cloning plants off of mother plants. This method provides the cultivator with the expectation that every plant will come out with similar qualities because they are all equal from a genetic perspective. While differences in soil, light, food, water and care can create different results in terms of the size and yield of a clone, in most cases the end product will have flowers that smell, taste and affect people the same as past versions of that strain.

However many cultivators use seeds as their starting point, which, as noted above, results in a much wider variety in the flowers themselves. Each plant grown from seed can result in an entirely new phenotype of that strain. This means that while there will be SOME identifying traits, there will also be a wide diversity. To use the human analogy, some offspring of a given family end up being successful while others end up unemployed. Same family, same starting genetics, vastly different outcomes.

How this makes things more complex is that cultivators and distributors are prone to re-naming unique phenotypes so that they can differentiate on their menus while attempting to accurately describe the flowers. While this practice leads to great creativity in the industry, as evidenced by such names as Sunshine Daydream or Jabba’s Stash, it also can further obfuscate the true sources of the genetics for the end user.

Cannabis sourced by a cannabis expert and curator who are growers themselves, helps ensure that the flowers that end up in your system will indeed have the desired qualities and effects. The expert curator tests new strains themselves before placing them on the menu, ensuring that the traits listed are matched by the experience of the end user. Only when the direct seed-to-soul system is used can there be an assurance of product matching labels.

Keep rolling with us on to Cannabis Experts: Part V!

Strain Misinformation

Strain Misinformation

Welcome back! In our last post, we talked about how having an expert curate your cannabis helps you avoid some of the pitfalls associated with buying from a dispensary and can provide you with a deeper level of knowledge about your medicine. But the rabbit hole goes even deeper – into areas that only a cannabis expert would know.

Cannabis is a genus and its species are Indica, Sativa and the far lesser-known Ruderalis. Over many millennia, humans have cultivated and interbred the many naturally occurring genetic “strains” of cannabis. This has resulted in an uncountable number of unique types of cannabis, each with it’s own set of odors, tastes and effects. Keeping track of these different strains is a task fulfilled by the legions of geneticists who make the strains, the farmers who cultivate them, the trimmers who prepare the cannabis for consumption and the dispensaries and delivery services who get them from the farm to your door. In the modern era, sites such as seedfinder.eu have aggregated this information into a searchable database, which is quite comprehensive, though not complete.

With no national standard system for tracking the cannabis along these pathways from seed to your door, there are many opportunities for mistakes to be made. Even megalith medical states such as California are only just now beginning the process of tracking the plant from source to your door with the passage of AB-266. But these new regulations don’t take effect for a few years.

Mistakes in labeling, forgetful staff, lost information and in some cases the desire for a geneticist or grower to keep a strain “secret” all result in the public not being 100% sure they are getting the same strain that the label shows. For medical cannabis users, this mis-information could have potentially serious outcomes.

Having an expert choose your cannabis through Potbox’s farm-direct model gives our patients unparalleled quality assurance since our experts are involved in every step from seed selection to delivery.

Don’t leaf us yet, bud! More great reasons to have experts curate your cannabis to come in Part IV!

The Dispensary Dilemma

The Dispensary Dilemma

Thanks for joining us for Part II of what it means to have a cannabis expert to curate your cannabis. (Part I is over here!)

Whether your dispensary features upscale décor, sports a more legitimate, “clinical” look, or is a total dive, they all have one thing in common: Cannabis Dispensary Overload. In their effort to try and please everyone, they have created a chaotic and confusing environment: Endless rows of glass jars labelled with names like Green Crack, Trainwreck, AK-47 and Chernobyl; Indica, Sativa or Hybrid; contrasting THC vs. CBD levels. Displays of edibles, extracts, and vapors, of every flavor imaginable

(Let’s not forget to mention the long lines, having to pay in cash, questions about quality and freshness — and the potential awkwardness of running into your boss, neighbor, kid’s teacher, etc.)

When your dispensary has more choices than a Chinese take-out menu, the experience can be daunting – even for life-long cannabis users. How do you know what you will like? How do you know how fresh it is? How do you know what the effects will be? What if you don’t know the right questions to ask to get what you truly need?

Wouldn’t it just be easier to tell someone what you would like your experience to be and have them personally select several extraordinary strains for you – from the farm, not just from whatever is available in that dispensary that’s closest to you on that day? Having an expert curate your cannabis is not just about convenience – they know the best strains that meet your needs, and can easily separate the wheat from the chaff, so to speak, to minimize the anxiety, confusion and trial & error process of dispensary buying.

If you think that the above doesn’t really impact you all that much, or hasn’t yet convinced you as to why you need an expert to choose your cannabis, check back soon for Part III, which delves into strain misinformation, variances of growing best practices and more.